Last updated on January 17, 2019 at 17:12
We can see four parts of the myocardium with different morphology. We’ll divide them into four zones to make explanation easier. See the figure below to see the different zones.
The first zone is at the bottom of the slide. Here we can see the three typical signs of myocardial hypertrophy: enlarged nuclei, increased lipofuscin and interstitial fibrosis.
The second zone is the bulk of the slide. Here we can see the lack of nuclei.
The third zone is between the first and second zones and between the second and fourth zones. Here we can see many vessels containing RBCs, as well as fibroblasts and fibrosis.
The fourth zone is in the upper left corner. Here we can see some eosinophilic hyaline substance.
Diagnosis: Myocardium in recent phase with organization
The first zone was untouched by the infarct but is hypertrophied. Hypertrophy could have been an important factor in the infarct.
The second zone is where the infarct happened. Necrosis is visible due to the lack of nuclei.
The third zone is where organization happens. Organization is part of the healing process after an infarct. During organization the necrotic tissue is replaced by an ingrowth of fibroblasts and vessels. In the background we can see beginning of fibrosis as well. The leukocytes that are present are neutrophils and macrophages. They digest the necrotic tissues to make way for the fibroblasts to make fibrosis.
The fourth zone is of the visceral pericardium. Here we can see an eosinophilic hyaline substance that is fibrin. It shows the beginning of fibrous pericarditis that occurs due to the myocardial infarct.
Organization is seen in the recent phase (from 1-2 days to 1 week) of myocardial infarct.
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