8. Steatosis hepatis

Last updated on January 17, 2019 at 16:52

Staining: HE and oil-red

Organ: Liver

Description:

HE: We can see the portal triad, meaning that we are looking at a liver. There is panlobular fat accumulation (fat is present in the whole lobule) in the whole slide.

Oil-red: With this staining the fat is reddish-orangeish.

Diagnosis: Hepatic steatosis

Causes:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Medications
  • Toxins
  • Obesity

Theory:

When fixating the normal slides, we use formalin. Formalin dissolves fat, which is why fat isn’t directly seen in the HE slides. In the oil-red slide there was no formalin but instead the slide was frozen. This preserves the fat.

Oil-red can be used to determine the amount of fat and therefore the severity of the steatosis.

In this slide there was panlobular fat, but in some cases there can be pericentral fat, where fat can only be found around the central veins.

The enzyme ADH that metabolizes ethanol depletes NAD+ and increases NADH. NADH stimulates fatty acid synthesis. NAD+ is needed for β-oxidation of the fat. This causes fat to accumulate in the hepatocytes.

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7. Parenchymal degeneration in kidney

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9. Brown induration of the lung

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