Last updated on January 17, 2019 at 16:28
Organ: Lung with hilar lymph nodes
We can see three enlarged lymph nodes in the hilum. They have white scarring.
Diagnosis: Sarcoidosis (Bilateral Hilar Lymphadenomegaly)
- Unknown cause
Sarcoidosis is a disorder that can affect many organs, especially the lungs but also eyes, bone marrow and skin. It’s characterized by non-caseating granulomatous inflammation, meaning it doesn’t produce caseous necrosis (like tuberculosis does) but still forms granulomas.
The cause is still unknown. It might be caused by a pathogen but we don’t know which one. It affects young females most commonly.
A symptom of sarcoidosis is enlargement of the lymph nodes of the hilum bilaterally, or in other words, bilateral hilar lymphadenomegaly.
Diagnosis is made by x-ray and biopsy.
The white scarring seen on the preparation is the result of granulomas.
30. Pulmonary abscess
33. Miliary tuberculosis of the lungs