28. Multiple myeloma

Organ: Spinal column

Description:

The different vertebrae show 3 roundish areas of softened bone, called osteolytic lesions.

Diagnosis: Multiple myeloma

Differential diagnosis of osteolytic lesions:

  • Metastasis from breast cancer
  • Metastasis from prostate cancer
  • Metastasis from lung cancer
  • Multiple myeloma

Theory:

The common symptoms of multiple myeloma are:

  • C – hypercalcaemia
  • R – renal failure
  • A – Anaemia
  • B – bone (osteolytic) lesions

Osteolytic lesions can have other causes as well, as seen above.

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27. Burkitt lymphoma

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29. CML extreme splenomegaly

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