15. Hepatocellular carcinoma

Organ: Liver


There is no healthy liver present; the whole liver is cirrhotic, as evidenced by the presence of pseudolobules everywhere. There are some larger yellowish nodules that are necrotic and haemorrhagic. These are nodules of hepatocellular carcinoma.

A vein is visible too, into which a nodule of HCC has invaded into.

Diagnosis: Hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis


  • Alcoholic/viral/metabolic hepatitis -> cirrhosis -> HCC


HCC frequently invades vessels.

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14. Focal nodular hyperplasia

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16. Cholelithiasis, chronic cholecystitis and empyema (repetition)

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