Pathophysiology 2

Last updated on July 14, 2020 at 16:25

  • 1. Disorders of chewing, swallowing and esophagus functions – the gastro-esophageal reflux disease.
  • 2. Disorders of gastric filling and emptying
  • 3. Vomiting (acute, chronic)
  • 4. Pathophysiology of GIT-peptides
  • 5. Peptic ulcer. Stress-ulcer in the elderly
  • 6. Utilization of nutrients and its disorders. Maldigestions. Age-dependent features of nutrient utilization
  • 7. Specific malabsorption syndromes (level or substrate of disorder)
  • 8. Complex malabsorption syndromes
  • 9. Diarrhoea. Causes, pathophysiological forms, consequences
  • 10. Bowel obstruction (ileus)
  • 11. Obstipation, subileus, diverticulosis. GIT motility disorders
  • 12. Acute pancreatitis. Pathophysiology and consequences
  • 13. Pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis
  • 14. Disorders of intermediary metabolism in general liver cell damage
  • 15. Jaundice
  • 16. Cirrhosis. Causes, mechanisms and consequences. Hepatic cachexia.
  • 17. Portal hypertension
  • 18. Ascites and hepatorenal syndrome
  • 19. Hepatic coma
  • 20. Pathophysiology of alcohol effects
  • 21. Gastroenterological changes in the elderly
  • 22. Energy balance. Influencing factors, pathological changes.
  • 23. Physical activity, inactivity, immobilization syndrome. Factors from lifestyle and age
  • 24. Hypo- and hypervitaminosis, micronutrients
  • 25. Water-soluble vitamins
  • 26. Fat-soluble vitamins
  • 27. Complete starvation. Occurrence and process.
  • 28. Partial starvation, accelerated forms of energetic insufficiency – anorexia nervosa. Refeeding
  • 29. Protein deficiency. Protein-calorie malnutrition. Senile sarcopenia
  • 30. Central and peripheral factors in the regulation of food intake and body weight. Disorders
  • 31. Obesity. Criteria, classification and epidemiology
  • 32. Etiology and pathogenesis of obesity
  • 33. Consequences of obesity. Therapeutic possibilities
  • 34. Metabolic syndrome
  • 35. Cold-defense and cold-induced disorders
  • 36. Warm-defense and heat-induced disorders
  • 37. Heat stroke and malignant hyperthermia
  • 38. Pathogenesis of fever
  • 39. Fever and sickness-behavior. The biological value of fever
  • 40. Hyperglycemia and glucose-tolerance tests. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.
  • 41. Basic characteristics and forms of diabetes mellitus syndrome
  • 42. General pathobiochemistry of diabetes mellitus syndrome
  • 43. Etiology and pathogenesis of 1DM
  • 44. Etiology and pathogenesis of 2DM
  • 45. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and ketoacidotic coma
  • 46. Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) and coma
  • 47. Late complications of diabetes mellitus. Diabetic micro- and macro-vascular disorders.
  • 48. Pathobiochemistry of the late complications of diabetes mellitus
  • 49. Hypoglycemia
  • 50. Hypo-, hyper- and dys-proteinemia
  • 51. Disturbances of amino acid metabolism
  • 52. Disorders of nucleic acid metabolism. Gout
  • 53. Pathobiochemistry of LDL-metabolism. Primary and secondary hyperlipoproteinemia
  • 54. Atherosclerosis and its cellular and molecular pathophysiology
  • 55. Disorders of the hypothalamo-pituitary system. Pituitary insufficiency
  • 56. Hyperprolactinemia
  • 57. Pathophysiology of growth
  • 58. Hyperthyroidism. Specialities in the elderly
  • 59. Hypothyroidism. Specialities in the elderly
  • 60. Goiters
  • 61. Disturbances of the adrenal medulla and the sympathetic system – pheochromocytoma
  • 62. Adrenogenital syndrome. Disorders of gonadal hormones
  • 63. Adrenal (cortex) insufficiency
  • 64. Primary hyperaldosteronism
  • 65. Secondary hyperaldosteronism
  • 66. Glucocorticoid hyperfunctional states
  • 67. Pathophysiological aspects of glucocorticoid therapy
  • 68. Parathyroid abnormalities
  • 69. Hypocalcemia, hypercalcemia
  • 70. Mechanisms and disturbances of bone remodeling. Osteoporosis, osteomalacia
  • 71. Disturbances of consciousness, vigilance. Coma. Acute unconsciousness
  • 72. Principles of exercise testing (spiro-ergometry). Anaerobic threshold and maximal oxygen
  • 73. Basic concepts of gerontology
  • 74. Age-related alterations in thermoregulation

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