Pathophysiology 1

Last updated on July 14, 2020 at 16:23

  • Flashcards
  • 2. Cardiovascular adaptation in health and disease
  • 3. Distribution of cardiac output and its disorders in the young and the elderly
  • 4. Causes and forms of heart failure
  • 5. Forward failure symptoms (left- and right-sided) in heart failure
  • 6. Backward failure symptoms (left- and right-sided) in heart failure
  • 7. High output cardiac failure
  • 8. Cardiomyopathies
  • 9. Acute heart failure
  • 10. Pathophysiology of the lymphatic circulation
  • 11. Vasovagal syncope
  • 12. Definition and classification of circulatory shock. Pathophysiology of development, phases and characteristics of microcirculation
  • 13. Hypovolemic shock: Causes and hemodynamics
  • 14. Cardiogenic shock: Causes and hemodynamics
  • 15. Distributive shock: Causes and hemodynamics
  • 16. Organ manifestations of shock
  • 17. Tissue hypoxia, ischemia, reperfusion and tissue metabolism
  • 18. Pathogenesis of coronary insufficiency. Risk factors
  • 19. Pathomechanism and consequences of acute myocardial infarction
  • 20. Mechanisms and consequences of chronic ischemic heart disease
  • 21. Regulation of cerebral circulation in health and disease
  • 22. Cerebral hypoxia, ischaemia, stroke
  • 23. Characteristics and disorders of splanchnic blood flow
  • 24. Pulmonary circulation, pulmonary hypertension
  • 25. General pathophysiology and classification of systemic hypertension – age and blood pressure
  • 26. Role of the kidneys in the development of hypertension. Effects of hypertension on the kidneys
  • 27. Hypertension and the adrenal gland
  • 28. Primary hypertension. Characteristics and etiological factors
  • 29. Consequences of hypertension
  • 30. Orthostatic hypotension in the young and the elderly
  • 31. Active heterotopic abnormalities (premature beats)
  • 32. Passive heterotopy. Causes, forms and consequences
  • 33. Supraventricular and a-v junctional blocks
  • 34. Forms and importance of intraventricular conduction abnormalities
  • 35. Pre-excitation syndromes
  • 36. Forms and consequences of paroxysmal tachycardia
  • 37. Signs of chronic or acute overload in the ECG (hypertrophy, strain)
  • 38. Primary and secondary repolarization abnormalities in the ECG
  • 39. ECG in acute myocardial infarction
  • 40. Atrial or ventricular flutter, atrial or ventricular fibrillation
  • 41. Principles and evaluation of respiratory function tests. Characteristics and parameters of abnormal breathing mechanics
  • 42. Disorders of the control of breathing. Age-dependent changes. Sleep-apnea syndrome
  • 43. The work of breathing. Abnormalities of elastic resistance, restrictive disorders
  • 44. Alveolar hypoventilation. Causes and consequences.
  • 45. Acute and chronic alveolar hyperventilation
  • 46. Ventilation-perfusion mismatch (VQ). Causes and consequences
  • 47. Disorders of alveolo-capillary diffusion. Hepatopulmonary syndrome
  • 48. Disorders of oxygen transport (abnormal hemoglobin, CO-poisoning, methemoglobinemia)
  • 49. Forms and mechanisms of hypoxia. Ways of compensation – cyanosis
  • 50. Causes and consequences of increased airway resistance – causes and consequences of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) – emphysema
  • 51. Partial or complete respiratory failure
  • 52. Dyspnoea
  • 53. Forms, general pathophysiology and consequences of anaemia
  • 54. Aplastic anemia and anemias of complex etiology in disease states
  • 55. Deficiency anaemias
  • 56. Haemolytic anaemias
  • 57. Polycythemias, polyglobulias
  • 58. Bleeding abnormalities due to platelet or vascular factors
  • 59. Congenital and acquired coagulopathies
  • 60. Thrombosis. Causes and consequences
  • 61. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
  • 62. Granulocytes in inflammatory processes
  • 63. Pathophysiology of glomerular filtration
  • 64. Disorders of tubular functions
  • 65. Proteinuria
  • 66. Hyposthenuria, asthenuria, osmotic diuresis
  • 67. Oliguria, polyuria. Renal functions in the elderly
  • 68. Non-excretory kidney functions and their abnormalities
  • 69. Chronic renal failure. Causes, characteristics and progression
  • 70. Metabolic disorders and organ dysfunctions in uraemia
  • 71. Uremic coma
  • 72. Acute renal failure. Occurrence, general features – extrarenal uremia. Prerenal azotemia. Postrenal failure
  • 73. Renal circulation. Cardiorenal syndrome
  • 74. Acute tubular nephropathy
  • 75. Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis
  • 76. Compensation of pH-abnormalities (plasma and intracellular puffers, respiration, kidney) and their disturbances
  • 77. Metabolic acidosis. Causes, compensation, consequences
  • 78. Metabolic alkalosis. Causes, compensation, consequences
  • 79. Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis. Causes, compensation, consequences
  • 80. Disorders of potassium balance. Hypo- and hyperkalaemia
  • 81. States of decreased extracellular volume, and their consequences
  • 82. States of elevated extracellular volume. Causes, mechanisms and consequences
  • 83. Hyperosmolarity, hypertonicity. Forms, causes, consequences
  • 84. Hypotonicity. Pathogenesis and consequences
  • 85. Tissue injury, inflammation, lymphatic circulation
  • 87. Definitions and causes of sepsis and trauma

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    Pathology 1

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    Pharmacology 1

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