Physiology 1

Last updated on July 14, 2020 at 14:52

  • 1. Membrane potential and action potential. Explain their ionic mechanisms. Membrane properties of CNS neurons
  • 2. The compound action potential. Conductive properties of various nerve fibers
  • 3. Neurochemistry of synapses, neurotransmitters, postsynaptic receptors and neuromodulators. EPSP, IPSP
  • 4. The neuromuscular junction
  • 11. Describe the body fluid compartments and explain the methods used for measurement of body fluid volumes
  • 12. Describe the major plasma proteins and the other non-electrolytic constituents of blood and explain their function in the body
  • 13. Describe the intra- and extracellular ionic components and explain their physiological functions
  • 14. The structure, function and origin of erythrocytes
  • 15. Characterize the various leukocytes indicating their origins and functions
  • 16. Origin and function of blood platelets
  • 17. The basic structure and metabolism of haemoglobin and the metabolism of iron
  • 18. Describe the two pathways involved in the initiation of blood coagulation
  • 19. Specific mechanism of clot formation
  • 20. Describe the mechanism of fibrinolysis. Explain the significance of anticlotting mechanism
  • 21. Regulation of H+ ion concentration in the blood
  • 22. A-B-0 blood groups. The Rh blood types
  • 23. The role of leukocytes in the defence mechanism
  • 25. Generators and conductors of impulses in the heart. Refractory periods
  • 26. The sequence of events in the cardiac cycle
  • 27. The human electrocardiogram (ECG). Electrocardiography. Bipolar and unipolar leads
  • 28. The heart sounds. Phonocardiography (PCG)
  • 29. Cardiac output. Measurement, normal standards and physiological variations
  • 30. Metabolism and energetics of cardiac muscle
  • 31. Ventricular wall tension and the Laplace relationship
  • 32. The heart-lung preparation (Starling’s laws)
  • 33. Arterial blood pressure. Determinants of normal arterial blood pressure
  • 34. The arterial and the venous pulse. Basic principles of hemodynamics.
  • 35. Circulation through the capillaries
  • 36. The properties, production and the movement of lymph
  • 37. Circulation in the vein. Effect of gravity on circulation
  • 38. The pulmonary circulation. Control of lung vessels
  • 39. The coronary circulation
  • 40. Cerebral circulation. The concept of “blood-brain barrier”
  • 41. Splanchnic circulation
  • 42. Skeletal muscle circulation. Cutaneous circulation
  • 43. Nervous control of the heart
  • 44. Control mechanisms of the circulatory system. General considerations
  • 45. Local control of the vascular smooth muscle
  • 46. Autoregulation of blood flow in tissues and organs
  • 47. The function and importance of baroreceptors in the regulation of circulation
  • 48. Reflex control mechanisms of circulation
  • 49. Mechanisms of vasoconstriction and vasodilatation
  • 50. Mechanics of respiration (functions of respiratory muscles, compliance, intrathoracic pressures, respiratory volumes)
  • 51. Alveolar air, alveolar ventilation, dead spaces. Function of the respiratory passageways
  • 52. Gaseous exchange in the lungs and tissues
  • 53. O2 and CO2 transport in the body
  • 54. Peripheral and central regulatory mechanisms of respiration. Respiratory reflexes
  • 55. Chemical control of respiration. Acidosis, alkalosis
  • 56. Different types of hypoxia. Oxygen treatment. Mechanisms of acclimatisation. Nitrogen narcosis. Decompression sickness
  • 73. Dynamics of glomerular filtration. Glomerular filtration rate. Plasma clearance
  • 74. Renal blood flow. Clearance of PAH. Extraction ratio. Filtration fraction
  • 75. Regulation of renal blood flow and pressure. Renin-angiotensin system
  • 76. Reabsorption and secretion of different substances in the renal tubule. Methods for their investigation

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    7 thoughts on “Physiology 1”

    1. I love your notes! You are great! Thank you so much! They have changed the topics a little, so there are some more topics about muscles.

      1. I’m glad you like the notes! Don’t forget that you’re great too.
        It sucks to hear that they added more muscle topics; I hate muscle physiology. But thanks for telling me!

      1. It’s not like I’ve finished them but just not decided to upload them. I’m still working on it. I uploaded a new topic last week. It takes time.

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