Embryology

  • 0. Oogenesis and the menstrual cycle
  • 1. From the ovulation until the implantation
  • 1,5. The second week of development
  • 2. Formation of the trilaminar germ disk and the folding
  • 3. Differentiation of the mesoderm. Development of the serous membranes and the body cavities. Malformations
  • 4. Development of the skull. Growth of the bones. Malformations
  • 5. Development of the blood vessels. Malformations
  • 6. Development of the face, formation of the nasal and oral cavities. Malformations
  • 7. Differentiation of the pharyngeal arches. Malformations
  • 8. Differentiation and derivatives of the pharyngeal pouches and clefts. Malformations
  • 9. The intestinal tube and its derivatives (with the exception of the pharyngeal gut). Malformations
  • 10. Development of the respiratory system. Malformations
  • 11. Formation and derivatives of the heart tube. Partitioning of the cardiac chambers. Malformations
  • 12. Development of the kidney and the urinary tract. Malformations
  • 13. Development of the female genital organs. Malformations
  • 14. Development of the male genital organs. Malformations
  • 15. Formation of the fetal membranes and the placenta. Fetal circulation
  • 16. Neurulation. The structure of the neural tube. Development of the spinal cord
  • 17. Development of the brainstem and the cerebellum
  • 18. Development of the diencephalon and the telencephalon. Development of the commissural pathways and the fornix
  • 19. The placodes, the neural crest and their derivatives. Development of the peripheral nervous system
  • 20. Development of the visual system
  • 21. Development of the acoustic and vestibular system
  • 22. Development of the endocrine glands. Malformations
  • 23. Malformations of the nervous system
  • 24. The external appearance of the embryo and the fetus. The signs of maturity in newborn
  • 25. Causes of the congenital malformations (with examples!)

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