31. Epidural haemorhage

Organ: Brain, skull

Description:

A large haematoma lies between the skull and the dura mater in the bottom right corner. A skull fracture can be seen. A small rope shows the midline of the patient. This rope helps illustrate that the haemorrhage compresses the brain, which can be seen as the right ventricle is pushed to the left of the midline rope.

Diagnosis: Epidural haematoma

Causes:

  • Blunt force trauma -> skull fracture -> middle meningeal artery ruptured

Theory:

Epidural haematoma compresses the brain and causes the cerebellar tonsils to herniate through the foramen magnum, which compresses the lower brainstem. This is called tonsillar herniation and causes respiratory failure by compressing the respiratory centre.

Protected Area

These images are password-protected due to copyright concerns. Please verify with a password to unlock the content. If you are a medical student in Pécs or feel like you should have access to the content for any other reason, send me an e-mail.


Previous page:
30. Lymphomatous polyposis of small and large intestine

Next page:
32. Subdural haemorhage

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.